Indonesian Food Problem

RemajaIslamHebat.Com - Indonesia is currently including a country in a crisis of food crisis. One of the indikatornya is a great dependency of Indonesia to import a number of major food commodities. Not only the rice, the dependency of your major national food needs to import is large enough, like soy 70 percent, salt 50 per cent, beef 23 percent, and corn 11 per cent.       

Food problems in Indonesia certainly cannot be released from government policies that are not pro-people especially farmers. Although the potential indonesian agriculture was reviewed from the vast and fertility land including the best in the world. But in fact, this time Indonesia has fallen as a importer of food products. Some government policies need to be criticized, due to the potential to deliver society in economic meltdown, is as follows:       

First, the role of the government is in the process of intensification agriculture, so that the agricultural activity is getting lethargic and eventually bringing down production Intensification is an attempt to increase the productivity of the land, especially related to the provision of high quality and efficient pemupukan. Government roles at least can be seen from the budget provided for the seed of seed and the fertilisers in state of state.       

The price increase of seed and fertilizer as the result of the less subsisdi government provided. The declining of these subsidies will lead to the price of fertilizer, so the profit margins that enjoy the farmers will be increasingly worn.        

Second, not only the process of intensification, in the process of ekstensifikasi, is the expansion of the agricultural area, the government role is Even some government policies are causing the agricultural area. Each year of the agricultural land experienced 100,000 hectares (people's mind).      

Instead of what happens is a change of agricultural land to be added to a residential (Real Estate), road construction, industrial area and more. Ironically, instead of the land functions that occurred in productive land areas, while on the other side the process was not accompanied by the opening of a new agricultural land, so the productive agricultural land has been shrinking from year to         

Third, government policy in trafficking food products are not pro-people but pro-markets. Proof, when food production (Rice, soy, corn, etc) is decreasing the government simply prefer the import policy from the efforts of improving production in the country through intensification and ekstensifikasi as mentioned above. In order to support the imports of food products, especially the rice, the government through the finance ministry issued the regulation of the Finance Minister ( 241 years about import rice. Through this fire government frees the imported rice. These regulations are strangling indonesian farmers that are 60 million people. This import policy is actually the IMF's plan as a way to the food in developing countries. The the is not to advance the country, but it is the path of economic colonization by the capitalist countries of the world. For example, in 1995 IMF FORCED Haiti to bypass the import rate of rice from 35 percent to 3 percent. As a result of the imports of Haitian rice from the us increased more than 150 percent between 1995 and 2003. at this time, three quarters of the amount of Haitian rice demand is an imported rice from riceland foods While in Haiti, the areas used to be the agricultural center of padi, at this time it became a region with the highest level of nutrition and poverty.       

Islam overcoming food problems Food Crisis (Rice, onion, corn, salt, etc) also improve the economic problem wrapped in Indonesia at this time. Another problem is the high cost of education and health, the price of the main ingredient is more soaring, government debt that continues to swell, the height of economic crime such as corruption, collusion, bribery, and This condition occurs because indonesia implemented the economic system of capitalism. The basic principle of the economic system of capitalism is that the country should not intervene in the economy, so the economy is handed to the only market mechanism is price, supply and The State Acts like a corporation only in charge of ensuring the economy follows our supply of supply and demand. Sometimes the country serves as a producer and sometimes works as the same consumers seeking profit in every transaction with its people.         

It is different in with the Islamic economic system. According to Dr. Abdurrahman Al-Maliki in his book 'Siyasah Al-Iqtishadiyyah Al-Mutsla' (political economy) States that the Islamic economic politics is a number of laws (policy) intended to ensure the meeting of the primary needs of each individual and meeting complementary needs (secondary and tertiary) , according to his abilities. For that, all of Islamic economic policies must be directed to ensure the meeting of primary needs and provide the possibility of meeting the complementary needs of any individual living in the caliphate islamiyah, according to Islamic Sharia According to al-Maliki, in the political economy of Islam, Agriculture is one of the main sources of the economy next to the industry, trafficking, and human energy or services. The Agricultural politics run by the khilafah intended to create the purpose of the Islamic economy of Islam according to Sharia. In General, the agricultural politics will run by the khilafah is as follows:        

First, the policy in sector Hulu is the policy to increase the production of agriculture through intensification and ekstensifikasi. Intensification is taken by the road use of a better agricultural production, such as a superior seed, fertilizer, and drugs required in order to increase the productivity of the farm. Caliphate will apply gift policies for agricultural production purposes.          Ekstensifikasi is done to improve the luasan of agricultural farms. For that country will implement policies that can support the agricultural spread. Among them is that the state will guarantee the ownership of agricultural land obtained by the road to turn on dead land (ihyaul mawat) In addition, the country will also give you the land of the land which belongs to anyone who has been able to process them.         

Countries will implement policies that can prevent agricultural agricultural functions into non-Agricultural Farms. Only fertile areas are allowed to be a housing and industrial area. In addition, the country will also not allow the sleeping land, which is a productive land which is not planted by its owner. If the land is left for three years then the land will be taken by the country to be given to those who have been able to Messenger of God. Said: " who has a piece of land, should he planted, or should be given to his brother. When he ignored it, then the land was taken. Imam Bukhari)       

Secondly, the policy in the agricultural industry, where the country will only encourage the development of the real sector, while the non-real non-real sectors are banned like usury and capital markets will not be allowed Through these policies then those who have capital can only invest in the real sector that one is an agricultural industry sector. Therefore the real sector is possible to grow and develop healthy. Different from the economic economics of economy that economy is more dominant on non-real sectors such as banks and capital markets.       

Third, the policy in the trading sector of Agriculture, is to ensure trading agricultural products run according to Sharia to meet the food demand of each community. Among these countries will prohibit the import during the production in the country, even though the import is financially profitable. Because the import will result in the position of country state will be weak in economics. Besides that country will not join the various world trade organizations that become an economic imperialist tool such as wto, APEC, and afta.[]

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